Why do some societies choose to adopt federal settlements in the face of acute ethnic conflict, while others do t? Neophytos Loizides examines how acrimoniously divided Cyprus could re-unify by adopting a federal and consociational arrangement inspiring similar attempts in its region. Loizides asserts that institutional invation is key in designing peace processes. Analyzing power-sharing in Northern Ireland, the return of displaced persons in Bosnia, and the preparatory mandate referendum in South Africa, he shows how divided societies have implemented vel solutions despite conditions that initially seemed prohibitive. Turning to Cyprus, he chronicles the breakthrough that led to the exhumations of the missing after 2003, and observes that a society's choice of narratives and institutions can overcome structural constraints. While Loizides points to the relative absence of successful federal and consociational arrangements among societies evolving from the post-Ottoman space, he argues that neither elites r broader societies in the region must be held hostages to the past. To effect lasting and positive change, Loizides encourages stakeholders in divided societies to be prepared to identify, redesign, and implement invative new institutions. Examining successful peace mediations and identifying the shared experience and commonalities between Cyprus and other divided societies promises t only to inform the tackling of the Cyprus problem but also to provide transferable kwledge with broader implications for the fields of peace studies and conflict resolution.
Neophytos Loizides is Reader in International Conflict Analysis at the University of Kent.