What is an appropriate theoretical approach to crimilogy in the Third World ? This book makes an argument for cultural specificity and the development of a cultural crimilogy appropriate to a particular country. It contains original crimilogical studies that apply these tions to Papua New Guinea, where law and order problems are rife, especially gang violence. A major strength of the volume is the inter-disciplinary authorship which include Stanley Cohen, Marilyn Strathern, Cyndi Banks, Sinclair Dineen, Henry Ivarature, Adam Reed, Karen Sykes, Richard Sikani, and Tony Crook. These distinguished crimilogists and anthropologists contribute studies of crime and social issues in Papua New Guinea based on their original research. The book has chapters on: The Melanesian conception and meaning of violence Street begging in Port Moresby Drug control Raskol (criminal) gangs, education and the problem of youth The prison experience for a Melanesian Dispute settlement between mining companies and villagers State responses to violence through the criminal justice system and informal approaches to the resolution of crime, including the surrender of criminal gangs The collection emphasises that Third World crimilogy has been marginalised by being subsumed in the Western discourse on crime. As Professor Stanley Cohen writes in the preface, it is a measure of the continuing ethcentricity of western-dominated crimilogy that a volume of this sort, under this title, is still necessary.