Die Hianakoto-Umaua, first published in 1908, is Theodor Koch-Grunberg's illustrated account of the expedition he made together with other scientists to Northern Brazil in the years 1903-1905. The German researcher, a pioneer in the field of South American ethlogy, describes his encounters with the indigeus people who lived in the region of the Japura River and the Rio Negro. The Omagua tribe had lived there before the Spanish conquest of South America in the sixteenth century. Koch-Grunberg explains that although the words Omagua and Umaua are alike, the sixteenth-century Omagua tribe was culturally and linguistically quite distinct from the Umaua tribe he himself met. The main focus of the book is a systematic record of the vocabulary of the Umaua tribe based upon the author's own observations. He lists words relating to a variety of topics including body parts, medicine and religion.