This book examines claims that aging populations will create serious ecomic problems for various nations. It examines the question in large part through the eyes of researchers and legislators in three target countries: Australia, Japan, and the United States. These countries were chosen because of similar states of ecomic development and because all were experiencing a rapid aging of their populations. A comprehensive overview is provided of the ecomic issues related to aging populations. Several aspects are explored in more depth. To date, it is the most complete and thorough study of ecomic issues associated with population aging. After a brief review of the phemen of demographic aging, the authors give a summary of the major ecomic programs offered to the aged. Extensive research is used to evaluate the concept of dependency ratios and to predict the impact on younger and older persons of future ecomic and demographic growth. This discussion then provides the basis for a review of evolving retirement policies in the three countries. Special attention is given to the way pension plans have been designed, especially early and mandatory retirement policies. An assessment of the adequacy of retirement income follows. The final three chapters are devoted to policy options for the future, given trends in demographic aging. Social scientists and ecomists will be most interested in this study.
JAMES H. SCHULZ is Professor of Economics in the Florence Heller School at Brandeis University. He holds the Meyer and Ida Kirstein Chair in Aging Policy and is a former president of the Gerontological Society of America. His other books include Providing Adequate Retirement Income and The Economics of Aging (Auburn House). ALLAN BOROWSKI is in charge of research at the Australian Bureau of Immigration Research and is an Associate of the Lincoln Gerontology Centre in Melbourne. He has been a consultant to numerous welfare agencies in Australia, the United States, and Canada. He is the author of over 50 publications in the areas of youth, pensions, employment, and social security. WILLIAM H. CROWN is Associate Research Professor at the Policy Center on Aging in the Florence Heller School at Brandeis University. He is an economist specializing in regional economics and the economics of aging. He is especially well-known for his articles on changing demographic trends and their economic impact.