This volume appears w finally in English, sixty years after the death of its author, Lucien Tesniere. It has been translated from the French original into German, Spanish, Italian, and Russian, and w at long last into English as well. The volume contains a comprehensive approach to the syntax of natural languages, an approach that is foundational for an entire stream in the modern study of syntax and grammar. This stream is kwn today as dependency grammar (DG). Drawing examples from dozens of languages, many of which he was proficient in, Tesniere presents insightful analyses of numerous phemena of syntax. Among the highlights are the concepts of valency and head-initial vs. head-final languages. These concepts are w taken for granted by most modern theories of syntax, even by phrase structure grammars, which represent, in a sense, the opposite sort of approach to syntax from what Tesniere was advocating. Available for pledging in the .