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- DescriptionHow did the industrialized nations of North America and Europe come to be seen as the appropriate models for post-World War II societies in Asia, Africa, and Latin America? How did the postwar discourse on development actually create the so-called Third World? And what will happen when development ideology collapses? To answer these questions, Arturo Escobar shows how development policies became mechanisms of control that were just as pervasive and effective as their colonial counterparts. The development apparatus generated categories powerful eugh to shape the thinking even of its occasional critics while poverty and hunger became widespread. Development was t even partially deconstructed until the 1980s, when new tools for analyzing the representation of social reality were applied to specific Third World cases. Here Escobar deploys these new techniques in a provocative analysis of development discourse and practice in general, concluding with a discussion of alternative visions for a postdevelopment era. Escobar emphasizes the role of ecomists in development discourse--his case study of Colombia demonstrates that the ecomization of food resulted in ambitious plans, and more hunger. To depict the production of kwledge and power in other development fields, the author shows how peasants, women, and nature became objects of kwledge and targets of power under the gaze of experts. In a substantial new introduction, Escobar reviews debates on globalization and postdevelopment since the book's original publication in 1995 and argues that the concept of postdevelopment needs to be redefined to meet today's significantly new conditions. He then calls for the development of a field of pluriversal studies, which he illustrates with examples from recent Latin American movements.
- Author BiographyArturo Escobar is the Kenan Distinguished Professor of Anthropology at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. His most recent book is Territories of Difference .
- Author(s)Arturo Escobar
- PublisherPrinceton University Press
- Date of Publication10/10/2011
- SubjectSocial Studies: General
- Place of PublicationNew Jersey
- Country of PublicationUnited States
- ImprintPrinceton University Press
- Weight485 g
- Width152 mm
- Height229 mm
- Spine23 mm
- Format DetailsTrade paperback (US)
- Edition StatementRevised edition
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