Epistemology & Methodology: Epistemology and Methodology III: Philosophy of Science and Technology: v. 3: Pt. 1: Formal and Physical Sciences: Pt. 2: Life Science, Social Science and Technology by Mario Bunge (Hardback, 1985)
The aims of this Introduction are to characterize the philosophy of science and techlogy, henceforth PS & T, to locate it on the map ofiearning, and to propose criteria for evaluating work in this field. 1. THE CHASM BETWEEN S & T AND THE HUMANITIES It has become commonplace to te that contemporary culture is split into two unrelated fields: science and the rest, to deplore this split - and to do is some truth in the two cultures thesis, and even thing about it. There greater truth in the statement that there are literally thousands of fields of kwledge, each of them cultivated by specialists who are in most cases indifferent to what happens in the other fields. But it is equally true that all fields of kwledge are united, though in some cases by weak links, forming the system of human kwledge. Because of these links, what advances, remains stagnant, or declines, is the entire system of S & T. Throughout this book we shall distinguish the main fields of scientific and techlogical kwledge while at the same time ting the links that unite them.