This collection of essays explains the author's project to anthropologize the West. His goal is to exoticize the Western constitution of reality, emphasize those domains most taken for granted as universal, and show how their claims to truth are linked to particular social practices, hence becoming effective social forces. This text poses questions about how scientific practice can be understood in terms of ethics as well as in terms of power. The topics covered in the text include how French socialist urban planning in the 1930s engineered the transition from city planning to life planning; how the discursive and ndiscursive practices of the Human Geme Project and biotechlogy have refigured life, labour and language; and how a debate over patenting cell lines and over the dignity of life required secular courts to invoke medieval tions of the sacred. The final essay is concerned with the place of science on modernity, on science as a vocation, and on the differences between the human and natural sciences.