This report responds to pressing questions for policymakers in Eurasian cities and national governments. Faced with changing ecomic circumstances and a reorientation of trade toward Europe and Asia, will EurasiaAEs cities be able to adjust? Will some cities be granted the flexible regulations and supportive policies necessary for growth? And will some be permitted to shrink and their people assisted in finding prosperity elsewhere in the region? Even as Eurasian cities diverge, they face shared challenges. Policymakers have a key role in assisting spatial restructuring, particularly in addressing imperfect information and coordination failures. They can do so by rethinking cities, better planning them, better connecting them, greening them and finding new ways to finance these changes. Eurasian cities will also have to find the right balance between markets and institutions to become sustainable. As the World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Ecomic Geography illustrates, Eurasia (excluding Russia) is a 3D region- a region with low density, long distance, and many divisions. Securing accessibility to leading regional markets such as China, India, and Russia is thus critical. This will require key institutions to be developed to unite the countries, key connective infrastructures to be established between domestic and regional markets, and targeted interventions to be undertaken to compensate countries for short-term losses from this deepened ecomic integration. Policymakers at the highest levels in these countries should put accessibility at the top of their agendas.| Irving Babbitt was a giant of American criticism. His writings from the 1890s to the 1930s helped advance American criticism and scholarship to international esteem. More than seventy years after his death his intellectual staying power remains undiminished. On Literature, Culture, and Religion is an ideal introduction to this seminal American thinker. Babbitt's opinions were uncompromising, and his vocal allies and opponents included almost every name in American literature and scholarship: T. S. Eliot, Edmund Wilson, Paul Elmer More, H. L. Mencken, and Sinclair Lewis. A founder of New Humanism, Babbitt was best kwn for his indictment of Romanticism and his insistence that the modern age had gone wrong. Babbitt argued for a renewal of humanistic values and standards--which he found best articulated in classical Greece, Hinduism, and Buddhism. The selections cover topics central to Babbitt: criticism, Romanti-cism, classical literature, French literature, education, democracy, and Buddhism. They typify Babbitt's method: recondite allusion, penetrating insight and analysis, impeccable scholarship, and unrelenting pursuit of the furthest ramification and the profoundest implication. The original antation is retained. Brief introductions to the essays place them in the Babbitt can. A major introductory essay by George A. Panichas surveys Babbitt's career and critical reception and summarizes the concepts that inform Babbitt's writing. Panichas raises again controversial issues that were t really resolved in Babbitt's time. The essay will challenge those long familiar with Babbitt and New Humanism and those newly introduced thereto. George A. Panichas is professor emeritus of English at the University of Maryland and editor of Modern Age: A Quarterly Review. He is the author of Adventure in Consciousness: The Meaning of D. H. Lawrence's Religious Quest, Dostoevsky's Spiritual Art: The Burden of Vision (available from Transaction), The Reverent Discipline: Essays in Literary Criticism and Culture, and The Courage of Judgment: Essays in Criticism, Culture, and Society.
Souleymane Coulibaly is from Cote d'Ivoire, and is currently the World BankAEs Senior Country Economist for Armenia, and the Europe and Central Asia regional trade coordinator. He joined the Bank in 2006 through the Young Professional Program and has worked since then as an economist in Central Asia and South Caucasus. He was one of the principal authors of the World Development Report 2009 Reshaping Economic Geography His publications and ongoing research deal with fiscal consolidation, the impact of geography on firmsAE location, trade flows and regional integration. Prior to joining the Bank, he was a lecturer at the Ecole Nationale Superieure de Statistiques et dAEEconomie AppliquUe (ENSEA) of Abidjan, teaching assistant at the University of Lausanne, and economist at the Economic and International Relations department of NESTLE in Vevey, Switzerland. He holds a double Ph.D. in International Trade and Economic Geography from the University of Paris 1 Pantheon-Sorbonne (France) and the University of Lausanne (Switzerland). Uwe Deichmann is an economic geographer in the World BankAEs Development Research Group where he also coordinates its Spatial Analysis Team. His research interests are in the geographic aspects of development. His recent work has included issues of housing and urban development, the role of infrastructure in promoting regional growth, and the impacts of natural hazards and global change on economic development. He has been a principal author of the World Development Report 2009 Reshaping Economic Geography. Prior to joining the World Bank he worked for the UN Environment Program and the UN Statistics Division. He holds a Ph.D. in Economic Geography and Regional Science from the University of California at Santa Barbara, USA
Ioannis N. Kessides, Marcel Ionescu-Heroiu, Souleymane Coulibaly, Uwe Deichmann, William R. Dillinger