This book has already been published in Italy by the university press Aracne (http: //www.aracneeditrice.it/aracneweb/index.php/pubblicazione.html?item=9788854857957). Its twofold purpose is to define some dimensions of individual automy (in particular, existential, functional and relational automy) and promote their dissemination within society, mainly through the introduction of some legal and ecomic tools. Starting from references to authors such as Adam Smith, Immanuel Kant, John Rawls, Theodor W. Ador, Jurgen Habermas and Amartya Sen, this book highlights the key role of individual automy for rediscovering a sense of community and dealing with social challenges. This implies analysing the difference between the currently widespread individualism (as the free choice of means) and individuality (which focuses on the determination of personal objectives). The book also illustrates the contribution that inner motivations, on which automy is grounded, can make to tackling several important issues of our time, such as pollution, the growing sway of finance over the ecomy, the unbalanced distribution of income and the choke-hold of lobbyists on politics. This could mainly take place through transactions involving the exchange t only of actions (as in our daily life) but also of inner motivations (values and metavalues). Although the positive effects of automy are primarily of an ecomic nature, the author has followed an essentially interdisciplinary approach, based on the assumption that the fragmentation of kwledge prevents us from fully grasping the potential of individuals and from questioning the cultural and social mechanisms that hinder its development.