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About this product
- DescriptionDuring Mussolini's Fascist regime (1923-43) 'colonia' - holiday centres for children - were established on the rthern Italian coasts. Run by paramilitary youth organizations, they brought together modernist architecture, fresh air and discipline with the intention of converting the body and soul of Italian youth to fascist principle. The colonia were far removed from both the towns of Italy's past and from the traditional structures of family and community. They offered a dramatic daily programme of activity with marching, synchronized exercise and gymnastics, flag raising, saluting and swearing of allegiance to the regime. It was a programme that in turn inspired architectural features in the buildings - including towers, ramps and elevated platforms - all designed to dramatise the parades and presentations by the young people. Even in the context of massive public works programmes, the building of the colonia offered unprecedented opportunities for progressive architects. They became a distinctive type of fascist building that evolved under the directives of the youth organizations. Despite the spectacle of the buildings, official policy declared luxuries as anti-educational and anti-social. Accordingly only the most basic of accommodation was provided. Dormitories were intimidating, open plan and stark; each might accommodate several hundred children. Italian parents routinely admonished recalcitrant children with the threat 'ti mando in colonia!' (Behave, or I'll send you to the colonia!). For a generation of Italians the experience of fascism was a formative one, from which some never recovered.
- Author BiographyAn architect by training, artist and photographer Dan Dubowitz is also an established cultural master planner and has worked on projects both in the UK and abroad.
- Author(s)Dan Dubowitz,Patrick Duerden,Penny Lewis
- PublisherDewi Lewis Publishing
- Date of Publication05/11/2009
- Place of PublicationStockport
- Country of PublicationUnited Kingdom
- ImprintDewi Lewis Publishing
- Content Note94 colour and black & white photographs
- Weight1497 g
- Width300 mm
- Height300 mm
- Spine17 mm
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