Forest regeneration is the act of renewing tree cover by establishing young trees naturally or artificially-generally, promptly after the previous stand or forest has been removed. The method, species, and density are chosen to meet the goal of the landowner. Forest regeneration includes practices such as changes in tree plant density through human-assisted natural regeneration, enrichment planting, reduced grazing of forested savannas, and changes in tree provenances/genetics or tree species. Human-assisted natural regeneration means establishment of a forest age class from natural seeding or sprouting after harvesting through selection cutting, shelter (or seed-tree) harvest, soil preparation, or restricting the size of a clear-cut stand to secure natural regeneration from surrounding trees. Enrichment planting means increasing the planting density (i.e., the numbers of plants per hectare) in an already growing forest stand. This activity influences carbon storage through changes in the growth of aboveground and below-ground tree biomass and changes in wood end use. This book presents the latest research from around the world.