This study is a close reading of two texts by the German poetess Gertrud Kolmar, Eine juedische Mutter and Susanna. It analyzes the historical, sociological, and cultural conditions under which Kolmar's characters lived. Particular emphasis is placed on the traditional role of Jewish women and the changes in this role brought about by socioecomic developments during the first half of the twentieth century in Germany, and on the impact these changes had (or did t have) on the self-assessment, sexuality, and mother-child/family relationship of the Jewish female characters in Kolmar's texts. Most importantly, this study focuses on how particular pressures and concerns affect the inner world of Kolmar's characters.
The Author: Barbara C. Frantz is a lecturer of German Language and Literature at the California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, California. She received her Ph.D. in German Language and Literature from the University of Santa Barbara. She is the recipient of numerous fellowships and awards, including the 1995 Hayman Fellowship Award to aid literary, cultural, and humanistic expressions of genocide, racism, ethnocentrism, nationalism, interethnic violence and past and present holocausts.