Originally kwn as Henpeck, the village of Hampshire began when Zenas Allen of Vermont became its first settler in 1836. From 1837 to 1845, Henpeck existed along the Chicago-Galena Stagecoach Trail at Old State (Route 20), Big Timber, and Brier Hill Roads. Hampshire Township was organized in 1845, and the village s name was changed to Hampshire. In 1876, the village relocated so that it could be along the Chicago-Pacific Railroad line. Hampshire was officially incorporated that same year with Samuel Rowell as its first village president. In 1893, the farming community grew to become the second largest milk-producing and shipping station in Illiis. Residents have served in the US military since the Civil War. During World War II, Hampshire was chosen as the site for a prisoner of war camp for 250 German soldiers who worked at the Inderrieden Canning Company. In 1994, the village annexed rth to the I-90/US 20 interchange, which included the community s original Henpeck area.