This is a comprehensive four-part handbook that covers all aspects of n-destructive evaluation with charged-particles, photons and neutrons. The basics of radiation are covered in Part I, which includes: sources, modifying (interaction) physics, detection and safety. Part II discusses the techniques of transmission, scattering, emission and absorption. Part III presents the application of these techniques for probing, gauging, elemental-analysis and imaging. Examples of applications in a wide variety of industrial fields are also given. These are classified by application area in a special index. Part IV addresses design aspects, such as choosing the proper radiation source, detector and technique; addressing experimental and calculation problems; and dealing with licensing and intellectual property issues. This book provides students, engineers, industrial physicists, and experts in the field with an inclusive source of streamlined information. Researchers and instrument developers will find an extensive list of references and helpful suggestions for tackling problems and challenges.