Afghanistan had the world's highest rates of infant, child, and maternal deaths when Management Sciences for Health began its project to train and support health workers. This book uses that project to discuss the problems and potential for health development in remote, war-torn areas. The field team's efforts provide insight into such problems as coordination among dors of foreign aid and strategies for immunization and family planning. The book analyzes in detail broader issues of health care development such as the management of health systems in times of disorder; the politics of international assistance; and women's access to health services in Islamic societies. Contributors: Laurence Laumonier-Ickx, Paul Ickx, Ronald W. O'Conr, William Oldham, John W. LeSar, Richard Johnson, Jonathan D. Quick, S.M. Amin Fatimie, Peter J. Huff-Rousselle, Linda Tawfik, Vimal Dias, and Mary Gasper. ro-published with Management Sciences for Health.