In a series of case studies of sexually transmitted disease and HIV/AIDS from around Africa, contributors examine the social, cultural, and political-ecomic bases of risk, transmission, and response to epidemic disease. This book brings together major contributions to the historical study of epidemic disease in developing countries and considers how particular constellations of cultural, social, political, and ecomic factors in different countries have affected the historical patterns of disease and collective (official and community) response to them. This book is a companion volume to Sex, Disease, and Society: A Comparative History of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and HIV/AIDS in Asia and the Pacific (Greenwood, 1997). From this endeavor to provide insight into the conjunctions and disjunctions between the histories of STDs and the AIDS pandemic in Sub-Saharan Africa certain common issues have emerged. These include medical ambiguity and epidemiologic diversity; cultural change; racism; gender, labor migration, and ecomic instability; and the practice of biomedicine and epidemiology in African contexts. All of these factors are embedded in the colonial legacy and post-colonial political ecomic conditions across the continent.
PHILIP W. SETEL is the Director of the Adult Morbidity and Mortality Project in Tanzania, and a Senior Research Associate at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne Medical School. He is a medical and demographic anthropologist who has done research in Africa and Papua New Guinea. He has conducted several studies of AIDS, sexuality, fertility, and gender. MILTON LEWIS is currently a Senior Fellow of the National Health and Medical Research Council in Australia./e He is a medical historian who has published extensively on the history of sexually transmitted diseases and colonial medical history. He is editor of Sex, Disease, and Society: A Comparative History of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and HIV/AIDS in Asia and the Pacific (Greenwood, 1997). MARYINEZ LYONS is an independent consultant and medical historian engaged in studying the social history of AIDS in Uganda. She is conducting research in affiliation with the Chicago Humanities Institute, University of Chicago, and the University of Cologne. Her previous work includes a monograph on the history of sleeping sickness in the Democratic Republic of Congo.