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- DescriptionThe major role played by a techcratic elite in Chilean politics was perhaps most controversial when the Chicago Boys ran the ecomic program of Augusto Pichet's military regime from 1973 to 1990. But techcrats did t suddenly come upon the scene when Pichet engineered the coup against Salvador Allende's government. They had long been important contributors to Chile's approach to the challenges of ecomic development. In this book, political scientist and historian Patricio Silva examines their part in the story of twentieth-century Chile. Even before industrialization had begun in Chile, the impact of positivism and the idea of scientific government gained favor with Chilean intellectuals in the late nineteenth century. The techcrats who emerged from this background became the main architects designing the industrial policies of the state through the Ibanez government (1927-31), the state-led industrialization project of the late 1930s and 1940s, the Frei and Allende administrations, Pichet's dictatorship, and the return to democracy from the Aylwin administration to the present. Thus, contrary to the popular belief inspired by the dominance of the Chicago Boys, techcrats have t only been the tools of authoritarian leaders but have also been important players in sustaining democratic rule. As Silva shows, techcratic ideology in Chile has been quite compatible with the interests and demands of the large middle classes, who have always defended meritocratic values and educational achievements above the privileges provided by social backgrounds. And for most of the twentieth century, techcrats have provided a kind of buffer zone between contending political forces, thereby facilitating the functioning of Chilean democracy in the past and the present.
- Author BiographyPatricio Silva is Professor of Modern Latin American History at Leiden University in the Netherlands.
- Author(s)Patricio Silva
- PublisherPennsylvania State University Press
- Date of Publication01/08/2009
- SubjectGovernment & Constitution
- Place of PublicationUniversity Park
- Country of PublicationUnited States
- ImprintPennsylvania State University Press
- Content Noteblack & white illustrations
- Weight401 g
- Width152 mm
- Height229 mm
- Spine15 mm
- Format DetailsTrade paperback (US)
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