Over the last decade, information and communications techlogies (ICT) have been increasingly used to achieve development goals. Developing countries, including poorer ones, have enjoyed rapid techlogical progress to help pull millions of people out of poverty. ICTs help transform ecomic and social activities for firms, governments, and citizens. Information and Communications for Development 2009 , the second issue of the World Bank's IC4D series, focuses on the effect of increased access to advanced ICT services and development of a vibrant IT sector on sustaining growth of private firms and improving government service delivery in developing countries. It also analyses the role of ICT in connecting people to kwledge from around the world, providing new opportunities, promoting invation, and improving human capital. Policies, prevailing trends, and best practices to maximize the development impact of ICT are also discussed and analyzed.Other highlights include: tracking trends in global ICT development, with a focus on developing countries;analytical reflections on the public policy implications of the sector's rapid progress; and, at-a-glance tables for 150 countries of the latest available data on usage and access, quality, affordability, efficiency and sustainability, ICT sector and trade, and ICT applications.