During the past 50 years, colonial empires around the world have collapsed and vast areas that were once kwn as colonies have become kwn as less developed countries or the third world. The idea of development - and the relationship it implies between industrialized, affluent nations and poor, emerging nations - has become the key to a new conceptual framework. Development has also become a vast industry, involving billions of dollars, and a worldwide community of experts. These essays - written by scholars in many fields - examine the production, transmission, and implementation of ideas about development within historical, political and intellectual contexts, emphasizing the changing meanings of development over the past 50 years. The concept of development has come under attack in recent years both from those who see development as the imperialism of kwledge, imposing on the world a modernity that it does t neccessarily want, and those who see development efforts as a distortion of the world market. These essays look beyond the polemics and focus on the diverse, contested, and changing meanings of development among social movements, national governments, internation
Frederick Cooper is Charles Gibson Collegiate Professor of History at the University of Michigan. He is the author of Tensions of Empire: Colonial Cultures in a Bourgeois World (California, 1997) and Decolonization and African Society: The Labor Question in French and British Africa (1996). Randall Packard is Asa Griggs Candler Professor of History and International Health at Emory University. He is the author of White Plague, Black Labor: Tuberculosis and the Political Economy of Health and Disease in South Africa (California, 1989).