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The understanding of empirical traf?c congestion occurring on unsignalized mul- lane highways and freeways is a key for effective traf?c management, control, or- nization, and other applications of transportation engineering. However, the traf?c ?ow theories and models that dominate up to w in transportation research journals and teaching programs of most universities cant explain either traf?c breakdown or most features of the resulting congested patterns. These theories are also the - sis of most dynamic traf?c assignment models and freeway traf?c control methods, which therefore are t consistent with features of real traf?c. For this reason, the author introduced an alternative traf?c ?ow theory called three-phase traf?c theory, which can predict and explain the empirical spatiot- poral features of traf?c breakdown and the resulting traf?c congestion. A previous book The Physics of Traf?c (Springer, Berlin, 2004) presented a discussion of the empirical spatiotemporal features of congested traf?c patterns and of three-phase traf?c theory as well as their engineering applications. Rather than a comprehensive analysis of empirical and theoretical results in the ?eld, the present book includes more empirical and theoretical results than are necessary for the understanding of vehicular traf? c on unsignalized multi-lane roads. The main objectives of the book are to present an elementary traf?c ?ow theory and control methods as well as to show links between three-phase traf?c t- ory and earlier traf?c ?ow theories. The need for such a book follows from many commentsofcolleaguesmadeafterpublicatiofthebook ThePhysicsofTraf?c .
Boris S. Kerner
Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg GmbH & Co. KG
Date of Publication
Civil Engineering & Environmental Engineering
Place of Publication
Country of Publication
Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg GmbH & Co. K