Quantum information processing offers fundamental improvements over classical information processing, such as computing power, secure communication, and high-precision measurements. However, the best way to create practical devices is t yet kwn. This textbook describes the techniques that are likely to be used in implementing optical quantum information processors. After developing the fundamental concepts in quantum optics and quantum information theory, the book shows how optical systems can be used to build quantum computers according to the most recent ideas. It discusses implementations based on single photons and linear optics, optically controlled atoms and solid-state systems, atomic ensembles, and optical continuous variables. This book is ideal for graduate students beginning research in optical quantum information processing. It presents the most important techniques of the field using worked examples and over 120 exercises.
Pieter Kok is a Lecturer in Theoretical Physics in the Department of Physics and Astronomy, the University of Sheffield. He is a member of the Institute of Physics and the American Physical Society, and his Ph.D. thesis won the Institute of Physics Quantum Electronics and Photonics thesis award in 2001. Brendon Lovett is a Royal Society University Research Fellow in the Department of Materials, the University of Oxford. He has been a visiting Fellow at the University of Queensland, Australia and is an academic visitor at the National University of Singapore.