"I want to be a poet with all my heart. With all my heart and, even more, I want to die for it!" These were the words Jiri Orten wrote to the poet Frantisek Halas in 1939, who published his first book of poetry The First Reader Spring, which appeared under the pseudonym Karel Jilek because Orten, being a Jew, could t be published under his own name. On the 30th August 1941, the day of his twenty-second birthday, he was kcked down by a German ambulance in a Prague street. As a Jew, he was refused first-aid treatment in a nearby hospital. He died two days later of a brain hemorrhage in the Jewish ward of ather hospital. Thus his prophetic words from the letter to Halas came true. Jiri Orten, despite dying so young at the age of twenty two years, left behind a large body of work. Three of his books, written from autumn 1938 until the eve of his death in 1941, The Blue Book, The Striped Book and The Red Book, are concluded by the poem My Trees of Years.An extensive composition The Lamentations of Jeremiah, written in 1941, repeats the verse "I'm that land of Night" several times, evoking t only the loss of The Promised Land, but also of his fatherland, which was enslaved by Nazis. The poem To the Silenced One, which was the eulogy for Jiri Orten written by Frantisek Halas, concludes with the verse: "At the time when fish will swim in the cathedrals, this poet will be called on by his name."