Excerpt from Journal of the Illiis State Historical Society, Vol. 7: April 1914 A new political phemen appeared on the stage of national politics in the year 1854. The time of its appearance was most opportune. Incessant agitation of the slavery question had weakened party cohesion. Whatever mode of solving that question parties adopted gave offence. Both North and South had reached that stage in the evolution of slavery agitation when they began to distrust each other at every point. Plans proposed by either Whigs or Democrats instantly aroused scepticism as to the sincerity and motive involved. Men who felt the pulse of disunion beat fast and regular, threw themselves into the breach, and by barter and concession, checked the disrupting forces. The Compromise of 1850 was a victory for the conservative rthern and southern Whigs, but the radical elements of both sections never gave their allegiance to the settlement. In the Southern states, they talked of secession; in the North they opposed the operation of the Fugitive Slave Law. Whig majorities diminished in the state elections during the succeeding two years, thus showing distinctly the drift of sentiment. All efforts of the Whigs to rescue themselves in the presidential election of 1852 were in vain. Democratic majorities swamped them in all except four states, Massachusetts, Vermont, Kentucky, and Tennessee. The aggressive attitude of rthern and southern Whigs had made union on a national platform and candidate impossible. The hour of mutual concession had closed; national leaders had retired from party councils and radicals had taken their places. The Whig defeat in 1852 therefore marks ather mile-post in the annals of party disintegration. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art techlogy to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.