Excerpt from Kwledge and the Sciences in Medieval Philosophy, Vol. 1: Proceedings of the Eighth International Congress of Medieval Philosophy The Eighth International Congress of Medieval Philosophy (Societe Internationale pour l'Etude de la Philosophie Medievale) was held in Helsinki, Finland, 24 - 29 August 1987. The general theme of the congress was Kwledge and the Sciences in Medieval Philosophy. The program consisted of plenary sessions with invited papers, sections with contributed papers, and meetings of the commissions of the S.I.E.P.M. The titles of the sections were as follows: (1) The Origin of Medieval Notions of Science and the Divisions of the Sciences, (2) Basic Epistemological Issues as Related to Medieval Conceptions of Science, (3) Trivium and the Sciences, (4) The Nature and Methods of Theoretical Sciences, (5) The Nature and Methods of Practical Sciences, (6) Theology as a Science, (7) New Conceptions of Science in Late Medieval and Early Renaissance Philosophy. The reports of the commissions have been published in the Bulletin de Philosophie Medievale 29 (1987), pp. 12-70 and 30 (1988), pp. 10-38. Invited papers and contributed papers are published in the present three volume work, edited by the members of the program committee (Monika Asztalos, Sten Ebbesen, Dagfinn Follesdal, Simo Knuuttila, Anja Inkeri Lehtinen, John E. Murdoch, Ilkka Niiniluoto) in collaboration with Reijo Tyorija. Toivo Holopainen has served as assistant to the editors. Volume I (Acta Philosophica Fennica, vol. 48) contains the invited papers. The contributed papers of the sections (1)-(3) are included in volume II (Publications of Luther-Agricola Society, B 19). Volume III (Annals of the Finnish Society for Missiology and Ecumenics, 55) contains the contributed papers of the sections (4)-(7). All papers offered are published. Every volume is provided with an index of manuscripts and an index of names. Ancient Greek and medieval Western names are in a Latin form. The congress was financially supported by the Ministry of Education of Finland, the Finnish Cultural Foundation, the Academy of Finland, the UNESCO, and the University of Helsinki. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art techlogy to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.