William Darity, Jr. In 1984 the Kluwer series in Modern Ecomic Thought, under the editorial direction of Warren Samuels, brought out a book under my editorship entitled Labor Ecomics: Modern Views. It consisted of a series of essays and commentaries that sought, in a critical fashion, to assess the state of the art in the field of labor ecomics with respect to several themes. These included methodology versus practice, the analysis of discrimination by gender and race, the phemen of persistent racial differences in un- employment exposure, occupational safety and health regulation, dual versus segmented labor markets, and the remnants of the Phillips curve trade-off between unemployment and inflation. Nearly a decade later I was approached by Warren Samuels and Kluwer about editing a new book that would again address where things stand in labor ecomics. In proceeding with the development of this current book I was a struck by the extent to which the research thrust that was apparent in the early 1980s remains intact as we move toward the 21st century. The vast majority of scholarship in the labor subfield is dominated by the methodological orientation of applied neoclassical microecomics, supplemented by incursions from the themes that occupy the so-called pure theorists, particularly of the game theoretic variety.