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- DescriptionIn this impressive synthesis, William Harris narrates the history of the sectarian communities of Mount Leban and its vicinity. He offers a fresh perspective on the antecedents of modern multi-communal Leban, tracing the consolidation of Leban's Christian, Muslim, and Islamic derived sects from their origins between the sixth and eleventh centuries. The identities of Maronite Christians, Twelver Shia Muslims, and Druze, the mountain communities, developed alongside assertions of local chiefs under external powers from the Umayyads to the Ottomans. The chiefs began interacting in a common arena when Druze lord Fakhr al-Din Ma'n achieved domination of the mountain within the Ottoman imperial framework in the early seventeenth century. Harris knits together the subsequent interplay of the elite under the Sunni Muslim Shihab relatives of the Ma'ns after 1697 with demographic instability as Maronites overtook Shia as the largest community and expanded into Druze districts. By the 1840s many Maronites conceived the common arena as their patrimony. Maronite/Druze conflict ensued. Modern Leban arose out of European and Ottoman intervention in the 1860s to secure sectarian peace in a special province. In 1920, after the Ottoman collapse, France and the Maronites enlarged the province into the modern country, with a pluralism of communal mirities headed by Maronite Christians and Sunni Muslims. The book considers the flowering of this pluralism in the mid-twentieth century, and the strains of new demographic shifts and of social resentment in an open ecomy. External intrusions after the 1967 Arab-Israeli war rendered Leban's contradictions unmanageable and the country fell apart. Harris contends that Leban has t found a new equilibrium and has t transcended its sects. In the early twenty-first century there is an uneasy duality: Shia have largely recovered the weight they possessed in the sixteenth century, but Christians, Sunnis, and Druze are two-thirds of the country. This book offers readers a clear understanding of how modern Leban acquired its precarious social intricacy and its singular political character.
- Author BiographyWilliam Harris is Professor of Politics at the University of Otago. He has taught at Princeton University, Haigazian University College in Beirut, Middle East Technical University in Ankara, and the University of Exeter. He is the author of The Levant: A Fractured Mosaic and Faces of Lebanon: Sects, Wars, and Global Extensions.
- Author(s)William Harris
- PublisherOxford University Press Inc
- Date of Publication15/01/2015
- SubjectRegional History
- Series TitleStudies in Middle Eastern History
- Place of PublicationNew York
- Country of PublicationUnited States
- ImprintOxford University Press Inc
- Content Note35 halftones
- Weight639 g
- Width170 mm
- Height239 mm
- Spine24 mm
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