Enabling information interoperability, fostering legal kwledge usability and reuse, enhancing legal information search, in short, formalizing the complexity of legal kwledge to enhance legal kwledge management are challenging tasks, for which different solutions and lines of research have been proposed. During the last decade, research and applications based on the use of legal ontologies as a technique to represent legal kwledge has raised a very interesting debate about their capacity and limitations to represent conceptual structures in the legal domain. Making conceptual legal kwledge explicit would support the development of a web of legal kwledge, improve communication, create trust and enable and support open data, e-government and e-democracy activities. Moreover, this explicit kwledge is also relevant to the formalization of software agents and the shaping of virtual institutions and multi-agent systems or environments. This book explores the use of ontologism in legal kwledge representation for semantically-enhanced legal kwledge systems or web-based applications. In it, current methodologies, tools and languages used for ontology development are revised, and the book includes an exhaustive revision of existing ontologies in the legal domain. The development of the Ontology of Professional Judicial Kwledge (OPJK) is presented as a case study.