Fuel cell techlogy has attracted great interest in recent decades. However, progress in ligcellulosic biomass-energized fuel cells has been slow. This is because that ligcellulosic biomass generally cant be directly used for electricity generation in a fuel cell with high efficiency. As a renewable resource is available in large quantities in many regions of the world, ligcellulosic biomass can be a promising feedstock for sustainable electricity production using fuel cell techlogies. In this mograph, we focus on the electricity generation in fuel cells that are operated at high temperatures with high efficiency using ligcellulosic biomass-derived fuels. More specifically, we discussed biomass conversion coupled solid oxide fuel cell and direct carbon fuel cell. The state of the art in techlogy development, as well as challenges, is outlined and perspectives on future development are provided.
Xuebing Zhao is an assistant professor at Tsinghua University, Beijing, China. Dr. Zhao published extensively in the area of biorefining of lignocellulosic biomass to produce biofuels and chemicals via chemical and biological approaches.