The exponential growth of Internet brings to focus the need to control such large scale networks so that they appear as coherent, almost intelligent, organ- isms. It is a challenge to regulate such a complex network of heterogeneous elements with dynamically changing traffic conditions. To make such a sys- tem reliable and manageable, the decision making should be decentralized. It is desirable to find simple local rules and strategies that can produce coherent and purposeful global behavior. Furthermore, these control mechanisms must be adaptive to effectively respond to continually varying network conditions. Such adaptive, distributed, localized mechanisms would provide a scalable so- lution for controlling large networks. The need for such schemes arises in a variety of settings. In this mograph, we focus on localized approach to quality of service routing. Routing in the current Internet focuses primarily on connectivity and typi- cally supports only the best-effort datagram service. The routing protocols deployed such as OSPF use the shortest path only routing paradigm, where routing is optimized for a single metric such as hop count or administrative weight. While these protocols are well suited for traditional data applications such as ftp and telnet, they are t adequate for many emerging applications such as IP telephony, video on demand and teleconferencing, which require stringent delay and bandwidth guarantees. The shortest paths chosen for the best effort service may t have sufficient resources to provide the requisite service for these applications.
Srihari Nelakuditi, Zhang Zhi-Li
Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Date of Publication
The Springer International Series in Engineering and Computer Science