In 1927, near the town of Folsom, New Mexico, a spectacular discovery altered our understanding of early humans on the American continent. Scientists excavating a bison from the late Pleistocene age discovered a fluted projectile point wedged between the animal's ribs-forceful evidence that humans existed during the Ice Age together with w-extinct animals. Subsequent discoveries at nearby Clovis introduced scientists to the first large-scale occupation of the Americas-Clovis culture-with a time span of 13,250 to 12,500 years ago. Los Primeros Mexicasexplores the Clovis occupation of Mexico's rthwest region of Sora. Using extensive primary data concerning specific artifacts, assemblages, and Paleoindian archaeology, Mexican archaeologist Guadalupe Sanchez presents a sypsis and critical review of current data and a unique summary of information about the First People of Mexico that is difficult to find in Spanish and until w t available in English. Sanchez's essential framework for early Sora prehistory includes the Soran landscape, the biotic communities, a history of investigations, the regional cultural-historical chrology of Sora, and the Clovis record in the surrounding area. The Soran settlement pattern, she asserts, indicates that Clovis groups were hunter-gatherers who exploited a wide range of environments, locating their settlements near lithic sources for tool-making, water sources, large-prey animals, and a variety of edible plants and small animals. In 1592, a Jesuit priest, Jose de Acosta, chronicled his puzzlement over when man first arrived in the New World. Four hundred years later, the peopling of the American continent is still intensely interesting to scientists and researchers. Los Primeros Mexicas offers an exhaustive synthesis of available archaeological evidence to shed light on Clovis occupation in Sora, Mexico.
Guadalupe Sanchez is a research associate at Estacion del Noroeste, UNAM, and is the former director of the Subdireccion de Laboratorios y Apoyo Academico, and the Museo Regional de Sonora for the Instituto Nacional de Antropologia e Historia in Mexico. Her work has appeared in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences(PNAS), Quaternary International, Kiva: The Journal of Southwestern Anthropology and History, Arqueologia Mexicana, and Archaeology Southwest .