Despite all the jokes about the poor quality of physician handwriting, physician adoption of computerized provider order entry (CPOE) in hospitals still lags behind other industries' use of techlogy. As of the end of 2010, less than 22% of hospitals had deployed CPOE. Yet experts claim that this techlogy reduces over 80% of medication errors and could prevent an estimated 522,000 serious medication errors annually in the US. Even though the federal government has offered $20 billion dollars in incentives to hospitals and health systems through the 2009 stimulus (the ARRA HITECH section of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009), many organizations are struggling to implement advanced clinical information systems including CPOE. In addition, industry experts estimate that the healthcare industry is lacking as many as 40,000 persons with expertise in clinical informatics necessary to make it all happen by the 2016 deadline for these incentives. While the scientific literature contains numerous studies and stories about CPOE, one has written a comprehensive, practical guide like Making CPOE Work. While early adopters of CPOE were mainly academic hospitals, community hospitals are w proceeding with CPOE projects and need a comprehensive guide. Making CPOE Work is a book that will provide a concise guide to help both new and experienced health informatics teams successfully plan and implement CPOE. The book, in a narrative style, draws on the author's decade-long experiences of implementing CPOE at a variety of academic, pediatric and community hospitals across the United States.
Philip A. Smith, M.D. is a Board-certified Family Physician who first adopted technology in his private medical practice in November 1992 when he deployed an EMR in his office. In 1997, he left practice to pursue his interests in the field, co-founding a company, Cognitive Analysis, Inc. This company was probably the first in healthcare to utilize business process modeling - documenting information flow as a patient recognizes a need for medical care through the completion and adjudication of that care. In 2003, the author joined the Adventist Health System (AHS, Winter Park, FL), serving jointly as Vice President of Medical Affairs (and later Chief Medical Officer) at Florida Hospital Zephyrhills (FHZ, formerly East Pasco Medical Center) and as Chief Medical Information Officer (CMIO). He left his position at FHZ in 2007 to focus full-time on CPOE in the CMIO role. He led AHS' design and implementation of CPOE, physician documentation and clinical decision support. He coined the term commoditized CPOE as he devised a methodology for rapid, big-bang rollout of CPOE for 25 community hospitals across nine states in only 27 months. Dr. Smith regularly speaks nationally on the topic of CPOE and Change Management, and most recently for Cerner Corporation, Zynx Health, Hewlett-Packard and Denison Consulting. Dr. Smith received his BSc degree in Health Sciences (Surgery) from Case Western Reserve University in 1979 as a physician assistant and his Masters of Science in Biological Sciences (physiology, in 1981) and his Medical Doctorate (1983) degrees at Wright State University in Dayton, Ohio. He completed his Family Practice Residency as Co-Chief Resident in 1986 at the University of Missouri Columbia. He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Family Physicians. He is a member of the Association of Medical Directors of Information Services (AMDIS) and the Health Information and Management Systems Society (HIMSS).