This book considers the social and ecomic arrangements that would be necessary for rational mechanisms of exchange and distribution to emerge, function, and remain viable if extreme conditions produced an absence or the severe destruction of an institutional infrastructure and of resource endowments. Written by an ecomist, a sociologist, and an anthropologist, the study confronts such radical circumstances from an interdisciplinary perspective, thereby rethinking and revising some cherished conventional ecomic and social assumptions. At one level, the book discusses the kinds of market structures that would be viable under different socioecomic conditions. At ather level, the analysis questions molithic approaches to applied ecomic analysis and policy based on what works under existing conditions. To illustrate the applicability of theoretical modeling, the authors consider two policy areas: ecomic recovery from a major societal disaster and ecomic development. The book will be of particular interest to students of applied ecomics, but it will also be of interest to those concerned with social ecology, ecomy and society, ecomic history, ecomic anthropology, applied sociology, and developmental studies. It will be especially valuable to scholars in Eastern European and socialist ecomic systems that are currently seeking to establish market ecomies.
ROBIN CANTOR an economist, is program director of Decision, Risk, and Management Science at the National Science Foundation. STUART HENRY is Associate Professor of Sociology at Eastern Michigan University. He is the author of several books, including Informal Institutions: Alternative Networks in the Corporate State (1981), Private Justice: Toward Integrated Theorizing in the Sociology of Law (1983), and The Informal Economy (1987). STEVE RAYNER is a Professor of the Science in Society Programme at The Said Business School, University of Oxford. He is the author of several books, including Rules, Decisions, and Inequality in Egalitarian Societies (1988) and Energy Policies and the Greenhouse Effect (1991).
Professor Stuart Henry, Robin Cantor, Steve Rayner