Manual of Surveying Instructions: For the Survey of the Public Lands of the United States and Private Land Claims (Classic Reprint) by Commissioner of the General Land Office (Paperback / softback, 2015)
Excerpt from Manual of Surveying Instructions: For the Survey of the Public Lands of the United States and Private Land Claims The present system of survey of the public lands was inaugurated by a committee appointed by the Continental Congress, consisting of the following delegates: Hon. Thos. Jefferson, Chairman... Virginia.Hon. Hugh Williamson... North Carolina.Hon. David Howell... Rhode Island.Hon. Elbridge Gerry... Massachusetts.Hon. Jacob Read... South Carolina. On the 7th of May, 1784, this committee reported An ordinance for ascertaining the mode of locating and disposing of lands in the western territory, and lor other purposes therein mentioned. This ordinance required the public lands to be divided into hundreds often geographical miles square, and those again to be subdivided into lots of one mile square each, to be numbered from 1 to 100, commencing in the rthwestern corner, and continuing from west to east and from east to west consecutively. This ordinance was considered, debated, and amended, and reported to Congress April 20, 1785, and required the surveyors to divide the said territory into townships of 7 miles square, by lines running due rth and south, and others crossing these at right angles. The plats of the townships, respectively, shall be marked by subdivisions into sections of 1 mile square, or 040 acres, in the same direction as the external lines, and numbered from 1 to 49. And these sections shall be subdivided into lots of 320 acres. This is the first record of the use of the terms township and section. May 3, 1785, on motion of Hon. William Grayson, of Virginia, seconded by Hon. James Monroe, of Virginia, the section respecting the extent of townships was amended by striking out the words seven miles square and substituting the words six miles square. The records of these early sessions of Congress are t very full or complete; but it does t seem to have occurred to the members until the 6th of May, 1785, that a township six miles square could t contain 49 sections of 1 mile square. At that date a motion to amend was made, which provided, among other changes, that a township should contain 30 section; and the amendment was lost. The ordinance as finally passed, however, on the 20th of May, 1785, provided for townships 0 miles square, containing 30 sections of 1 mile square. The first public surveys were made under this ordinance. The townships, 0 miles square, were laid out in ranges, extending rthward from the Ohio River, the townships being numbered from south to rth, and the ranges from east to west. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art techlogy to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.