Despite centuries of colonization, many Indigeus peoples' cultures remain distinct in their ancestral territories, even in today's globalized world. Yet they exist often within countries that hardly recognize their existence. Struggles for political recognition and cultural respect have occurred historically and continue to challenge Native American nations in Montana and Sami people of rthern Scandinavia in their efforts to remain and thrive as who they are as Indigeus peoples. In some ways the Indigeus struggles on the two continents have been different, but in many other ways, they are similar. Mapping Indigeus Presence presents a set of comparative Indigeus studies essays with contemporary perspectives, attesting to the importance of the roles Indigeus people have played as overseers of their own lands and resources, as creators of their own cultural richness, and as political entities capable of governing themselves. This interdisciplinary collection explores the Indigeus experience of Sami peoples of Norway and Native Americans of Montana in their respective contexts-yet they are in many ways distinctly different within the body politic of their respective countries. Although they share similarities as Indigeus peoples within nation-states and inhabit somewhat similar geographies, their cultures and histories differ significantly. Sami people speak several languages, while Indigeus Montana is made up of twelve different tribes with at least ten distinctly different languages; both peoples struggle to keep their Indigeus languages vital. The political relationship between Sami people and the mainstream Norwegian government and culture has historically been less contentious that that of the Indigeus peoples of Montana with the United States and with the state of Montana, yet the Sami and the Natives of Montana have struggled against both the ideology and the subsequent assimilation policy of the savagery-versus-civilization model. The authors attempt to increase understanding of how these two sets of Indigeus peoples share important ontological roots and postcolonial legacies, and how research may be used for their own self-determination and future directions.
Kathryn W. Shanley is a professor of Native American studies at the University of Montana-Missoula, USA and has published widely on Native American literary studies, especially on the work of Blackfeet/Gros Ventre writer James Welch. Dr. Shanley served as president of the Native American Studies Association (2011-2013). Bjorg Evjen is a professor at the University of Tromso in Norway and has served as coordinator for its Master's Programme in Indigenous Studies, Centre for Sami Studies, from 2007 to 2014. Dr. Evjen's research publications include Sami history, the history of research, women's history, polar history, industrial and labor history, and local history.