In recent years, mathematicians have detailed simpler proofs of kwn theorems, have identified new applications of the method of averaging, and have obtained many new results of these applications. Encompassing these vel aspects, Method of Averaging of the Infinite Interval: Theory and Applications rigorously explains the modern theory of the method of averaging and provides a solid understanding of the results obtained when applying this theory. The book starts with the less complicated theory of averaging linear differential equations (LDEs), focusing on almost periodic functions. It describes stability theory and Shtokalo's method, and examines various applications, including parametric resonance and the construction of asymptotics. After establishing this foundation, the author goes on to explore nlinear equations. He studies standard form systems in which the right-hand side of a system is proportional to a small parameter and proves theorems similar to Banfi's theorem. The final chapters are devoted to systems with a rapidly rotating phase. Covering an important asymptotic method of differential equations, this book provides a thorough understanding of the method of averaging theory and its resulting applications.