The Doi Moi reforms initiated in Vietnam in 1986 to lead the transition from a centrally-planned to a market-oriented ecomy have entailed deep institutional transformations. At the national level, achievements have been impressive, the high ecomic growth in all sectors of the ecomy have permitted to divide poverty incidence by three in the country since 1993. Mountaius regions and its inhabitants, however, have lagged behind in the process. There, the combination of poverty and the degradation of natural resources remains a pressing issue. Drawing on a conceptual framework that highlights the determinant role of institutions in the poverty-environment nexus, this book investigates the sources of success and failure in the current institutional framework to address objectives of equity, ecomic growth and environmental sustainability in Vietnam's mountains. The empirical investigation uses an original dataset collected in a rural district and examines three critical dimensions: the definition of land rights, the functioning of credit markets, and the formation of social capital.
Camille Saint-Macary studied Development Economics at CERDI (Centre of Study and Research on International Development) at the University of Auvergne (France) and holds a PhD in Agricultural Economics from the University Hohenheim (Germany). She has worked as a research associate at the Department of Rural Development Theory and Policy. Currently she is an economist and research fellow at the French Institute of Research for Development (IRD), member of the DIAL (Development, Institutions and Globalisation) research unit based in Paris.