When the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted 50 years ago, Elear Roosevelt, its principal architect, predicted that a 'curious grapevine' would carry its message behind barbed wire and stone walls. This book tells the extraordinary story of how NGOs became the 'grapevine' she anticipated - sharpening our awareness about the violations of human rights, 'shaming' its most torious abusers and creating the international mechanisms to bring about implementation of the Declaration. Korey traces how NGO's laid the groundwork for the destruction of the Soviet empire, as well as of the apartheid system in South Africa, and established the principle of accountability for crimes against humanity. The tion of human rights has progressed from being a marginal part of international relations a half century ago to stand today as a critical element in diplomatic discourse and this book shows that it is the NGOs that have placed human rights at the centre of humankind's present and future agenda.
WILLIAM KOREY is a prolific writer of articles for popular and scholarly journals, and for newspapers such as The Washington Post. He is the author of several books, including The Promises We Keep: Human Rights, the Helsinki Process and American Foreign Policy (SMP 1993).