This provocative and compelling book contends that the explosive growth of new political states is finally coming to an end. Examining the forces that determine the emergence of new nation-states, the distinguished contributors consider a rich array of specific cases from the Middle East, Asia, North America, Europe, and Russia where pressures for new states are intense. They argue that unbalanced globalization, the disadvantages of terrorism as a tactic, and the rewards of dependent status will strongly limit further state formation. Despite these limits, there has been sign of successful military or imperial expansion by established countries toward consolidation into fewer, larger national units. Neither aggression by regional states_such as the Iraq invasion of Kuwait in 1990, r intervention_such as the U.S. occupation of Iraq in 2003, is likely to succeed. On balance, the book concludes, discontented national movements will have to find ways to exist within current geopolitical boundaries.
Richard N. Rosecrance is research professor of political science at the University of California, Los Angeles, and senior fellow in the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. Arthur A. Stein is professor of political science at the University of California, Los Angeles, and a former member of the Policy Planning Council of the Department of State.