Even though our society subtly discourages the verbal expression of emotions, most of us, in ostensibly conforming to our roles, nevertheless manage to express likes, dislikes, status differences, personalities, as well as weaknesses in nverbal ways. Using vocal expressions; gestures, postures, and movements, we amplify, restrict, or deny what our words say to one ather, and even say some things with greater facility and efficiency than with words. In this new, multidimensional approach to the subject of nverbal communication Albert Mehrabian brings together a great deal of original work which includes descriptions of new experimental methods that are especially suited to this field, detailed findings of studies scattered throughout the literature, and most importantly, the integration of these findings within a compact framework. The framework starts with the analysis of the meanings of various nverbal behaviors and is based on the fact that more than half of the variance in the significance of nverbal signals can be described in terms of the three orthogonal dimensions of positiveness, potency or status, and responsiveness. These three dimensions t only constitute the semantic space for nverbal communication, but also help to identify groups of behaviors relating to each, to describe characteristic differences in nverbal communication, to analyze and generate rules for the understanding of inconsistent messages, and to provide researchers with new and comprehensive measures for description of social behavior. This volume will be particularly valuable for both the professional psychologist and the graduate student in psychology. It will also be of great interest to professionals in the fields of speech and communication, sociology, anthropology, and psychiatry.
Albert Mehrabian is current professor emeritus of psychology at the University of California Los Angeles. He is widely known for his work on nonverbal communication. He has served as consulting editor to Sociometry, Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, and Journal of Psychology. He is author or co-author of 20 books.