The division of European society and culture along a North/South axis was one of the most decisive and enduring developments in the modern world. In North/South, which completes a trilogy of works devoted to the study of the mind and body of Europe, Ricardo J. Quines examines the momentous early modern origins of this division. Quines focuses on four concepts connected with the Protestant Reformation whose emergence defines the rise of the North and the subjugation of the South: Christian liberty, skepticism, tolerance, and time. Tracing their influence through the political and philosophical conflicts of the era and forward into the Enlightenment, he suggests that they constitute the basis of Europe's transformation between the sixteenth century and the dawn of the industrial revolution. A fascinating combination of cultural and intellectual history, philosophy, and comparative literature written in the vein of Quines' award-winning Dualisms, this work, called dazzling by one critic, shows a contemporary pertinence with the relapse of the South into the subordinate position which it was thought to have overcome.
Ricardo J. Quinones is a professor emeritus in the Department of English at Claremont McKenna College.