Oil in the Sea III: Inputs, Fates, and Effects by Division on Earth and Life Studies, Committee on Oil in the Sea: Inputs, Transportation Research Board, Fates, Marine Board, and Effects, Ocean Studies Board (Hardback, 2002)
Since the early 1970s, experts have recognized that petroleum pollutants were being discharged in marine waters worldwide, from oil spills, vessel operations and land-based sources. Public attention to oil spills has forced improvements. Still, a considerable amount of oil is discharged yearly into sensitive coastal environments. Oil in the Sea provides an accurate estimate of oil pollutant discharge into marine waters, including an evaluation of the methods for assessing petroleum load and a discussion about the concerns these loads represent. Featuring close-up looks at the Exxon Valdez spill and other table events, the book identifies important research questions and makes recommendations for better analysis of - and more effective measures against - pollutant discharge. The book discusses: input - where the discharges come from, including the role of two-stroke engines used on recreational craft; behaviour or fate - how oil is affected by processes such as evaporation as it moves through the marine environment; and effects - what we kw about the effects of petroleum hydrocarbons on marine organisms and ecosystems.
Committee on Oil in the Sea: Inputs, Fates, and Effects, National Research Council
Committee on Oil in the Sea: Inputs, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Fates, Marine Board, Ocean Studies Board, Transportation Research Board, and Effects