This book tells the story of how the very idea of two cultures-the so-called divorce between science and the humanities-was a creation of the modern world-system. The contributors, working from a common research framework, trace the divorce of facts and values as part of the transition from feudalism to capitalism. This led to a polarization between universalist science and the particularist humanities and finally to the creation of the social sciences as an uneasy intermediary in this epistemological debate. The book addresses the contemporary attempts to overcome the division between the two cultures that emerge from science, feminism, race and ethnic studies, cultural studies, and ecology, ending with an analysis of the culture wars and the science wars. Contributors: Volkan Aytar, Ay,se Betul Celik, Mauro Di Meglio, Mark Frezzo, Ho-fung Hung, Biray Kolloupglu K3/4rl3/4, Agustin Lao- Montes, Eric Mielants, Boris Stremlin, Sunaryo, Norihisa Yamashita, Deniz Yukeseker.
Immanuel Wallerstein is Senior Research Scholar at Yale University and Director of the Fernand Braudel Center at Binghamton University. He is also a regular invited researcher at the Maison des Sciences de l'Homme. Wallerstein's recent publications include Decline of American Power, Utopistics and After Liberalism (all by The New Press). Richard E. Lee is Deputy Director of the Fernand Braudel Center and Associate Professor of Sociology at Binghamton University. He is the author of Life and Times of Cultural Studies: The Politics and Transformation of the Structures of Knowledge.