Recent upheavals in the Middle East are challenging long-held assumptions about the dynamics between the United States, the Arab world, and Israel. In Pathways to Peace, today's leading experts explain these changes in the region and their positive implications for the prospect of a sustained peace between Israel and the Arab World.
Samih Al Abid served as Minister of Public Work and Housing in the Palestinian Authority, as an advisor to the Palestinian Investment Fund, and as the general director of an independent development company aiming to strengthen the local economy and generate investment. He currently heads the Palestinian Housing Council. During final status negotiations with Israel, he headed the committee on borders and territory, and was a key participant in the negotiations in the Camp David, Taba, and Annapolis processes. Al Abid earned a Ph.D. in regional development planning and an M.A. in urban design. Yossi Alpher is a consultant and writer on Israel-related strategic issues, and is coeditor of the bitterlemons.net family of internet publications. Alpher served in the Israel Defense Forces as an intelligence officer, followed by service in the Mossad. From 1981 to 1995 he was associated with the Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies at Tel Aviv University, ultimately serving as its director. During the Camp David summit, he served as special adviser to the prime minister of Israel, concentrating on the Israeli-Palestinian peace process. James A. Baker, III, served in senior government positions under three U.S. presidents. He was the nation's 61st Secretary of State under President George Bush. He was the 67th Secretary of the Treasury under President Ronald Reagan. He served as White House Chief of Staff to President Reagan during his first term. Mr. Baker's record of public service began in 1975 as Under Secretary of Commerce to President Gerald Ford. It concluded in January 1993 with his service as White House Chief of Staff and Senior Counselor to President Bush. Mr. Baker graduated from Princeton University in 1952, and received his J.D. with honors from The University of Texas School of Law at Austin. Mr. Baker received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1991 and has been the recipient of numerous other awards and honorary academic degrees. He is presently a senior partner in the law firm of Baker Botts, and is Honorary Chairman of the James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy at Rice University. Samuel Berger served as National Security Advisor to President Bill Clinton from 1997-2001. In that capacity, he drove policy advancing the peace process in the Middle East. Mr. Berger also served as Deputy National Security Advisor during President Clinton's first term; as director of national security for the 1992 Clinton-Gore Transition; and as senior foreign policy advisor to Governor Clinton during the 1992 presidential campaign. He currently serves as chair of Albright Stonebridge Group, a global strategy firm. Robert M. Danin is the Eni Enrico Mattei Senior Fellow for Middle East and Africa Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations. He headed the Jerusalem mission of the Quartet representative, Tony Blair, from April 2008 until August 2010. A former career State Department official with over twenty years of Middle East experience, Danin served as deputy assistant secretary of state for Near Eastern affairs and at the National Security Council as director for Israeli-Palestinian affairs and the Levant. He earlier served as a Middle East specialist on the secretary of state's Policy Planning Staff and as a senior State Department Middle East analyst. Danin earned a doctorate in the international relations of the Middle East from St. Antony's College, Oxford University. P. J. Dermer (Colonel, retired) is one of the Army's foremost Middle East regional experts. His career spanned over 30 years of experience, including, military and civilian arenas in Washington and overseas. He has extensive coalition-building experience working with international counterparts to advance the Middle East peace process, as well as rebuilding Iraq's critical national security institutions. In his post-military career, he has used his skills to foster private business enterprise development, including development of several entrepreneurial sta