Current research in gemics and pharmacogemics is increasingly highlighting the need to move towards stratified disease descriptions and individualized treatment plans. This book explains how a confluence of recent biological, techlogical and methodological developments is making it possible to provide personalized diagses and treatments.By virtue of treating each person's condition as unique, personal gemics and personalized medicine require health professionals to understand the nature of the data, its health implications, and its limitations.This book provides a detailed scientific treatment of the emerging disciplines of personal gemics and personalized medicine. It also includes a comprehensive treatment of both the promises and challenges of personal gemics and medicine from techlogical, societal and medical perspectives. It offers a wide-ranging review of the state of the art across all aspects of a highly multi-disciplinary subject. This book will be immensely useful for practicing health professionals and researchers, as well as senior undergraduates and graduate students in biomedical sciences.