The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) posted an annual gross domestic product (GDP) of $349 billion, with a trade surplus of $123 billion in 2006, and had come to represent royal wealth and opulence. This ecomic power enables KSA to maintain close diplomatic and commercial ties with the world's leading nations and multinational corporations. Clearly, the strength of the Saudi Arabian ecomy is the driving force behind its prominence on the global stage, and its ability to maintain internal order among the citizenry. The importance of a stable, healthy ecomy as a critical pillar of Saudi stability becomes even more apparent when one considers the cultural and religious tensions which pervade its society. This essay presents a plausible future for the ecomy of Saudi Arabia - one in which this necessary pillar of stability degrades, or even crumbles, and opens the door to a viable insurgency movement within the Kingdom in the year 2030. The case for this plausible future emerges from current ecomic trends and conditions in Saudi Arabia. Oil reserves and profits are the main source of revenues for the government of KSA. The reliance on this single source of income, along with labor market inadequacies, presents significant obstacles to long-term fiscal fitness. The royal family has recognized these challenges and introduced corrective measures, mostly in the form of attempts to diversify the ecomy, and to a lesser degree by encouraging privatization and foreign investment. These initiatives are laudable, but cultural dynamics and the intricacies of ecomic reform make them fall well-short of guaranteeing healthy, long-term ecomic growth. Ultimately, two key factors-the inability to diversify adequately from the oil-based ecomy, and the failure to create sufficient employment opportunities for Saudi citizens-show strong potential for creating the instability necessary to foment insurgency within the Kingdom.