In her pioneering book Hard Core, Linda Williams put moving-image porgraphy on the map of contemporary scholarship with her analysis of the most popular and enduring of all film and video genres. Now, fifteen years later, she showcases the next generation of critical thinking about porgraphy and signals new directions for study and teaching. Porn Studies resists the tendency to situate porgraphy as the outer limit of what can be studied and discussed. With revenues totaling between ten and fourteen billion dollars annually-more than the combined revenues of professional football, basketball, and baseball-visual, hard-core porgraphy is a central feature of American popular culture. It is time, Williams contends, for scholars to recognize this and give porgraphy a serious and extended analysis. The essays in this volume move beyond feminist debates and distinctions between a good erotica and a bad hard core. Contributors examine varieties of porgraphy from the tradition of the soft-core pin-up through the contemporary hard-core tradition of straight, gay, and lesbian videos and dvds to the burgeoning phemen of porgraphy on the Internet. They explore, as examples of the genre, individual works as divergent as The Starr Report, the pirated Tommy Lee/Pamela Anderson honeymoon video, and explicit Japanese ladies' comics consumed by women. They also probe difficult issues such as the sexualization of race and class and the relationship of porgraphy to the avant-garde. To take porgraphy seriously as an object of analysis also means teaching it. Porn Studies thus includes a useful antated bibliography of readings and archival sources important to the study of porgraphy as a cultural form. Contributors. Heather Butler, Rich Cante, Jake Gerli, Minette Hillyer, Nguyen Tan Hoang, Despina Kakoudaki, Franklin Melendez, Ara Osterweil, Zabet Patterson, Constance Penley, Angelo Restivo, Eric Schaefer, Michael Sicinski, Deborah Shamoon, Maria St. John, Tom Waugh, Linda Williams
Linda Williams is Professor of Film Studies and Rhetoric and Director of the Program in Film Studies and of the Center for New Media at the University of California, Berkeley. Her books include Playing the Race Card: Melodramas of Black and White from Uncle Tom to O. J. Simpson; Hard Core: Power, Pleasure, and the Frenzy of the Visible ; and Viewing Positions: Ways of Seeing Film.