"This book provides the first analytic framework for understanding the relation between Congress and the Executive branch on foreign affairs budgeting and offers examples which bring its points to light. It is must reading for anyone interested in understanding or influencing the course of American foreign policy."-Morton H. Halperin, Council on Foreign Relations An insider's account of how constitutional struggles between the executive and legislative branches interact with budgetary mechanisms to affect the implementation of U.S. foreign policy. "The Price of American Foreign Policy uses a raft of informative case studies to shed light on an important but neglected aspect of U.S. foreign policy-budgeting for international affairs programs. Given widespread concern that U.S. spending on international affairs has fallen too sharply in recent years, The Price of American Foreign Policy is a timely contribution to the political debate."-James Lindsay, University of Iowa In this first in-depth study of the process by which U.S. foreign policy is funded, William Bacchus draws on more than twenty years' experience in government to analyze the uneasy interplay between the executive and legislative branches as decisions about priorities and policies are made. He begins by examining historical trends in foreign affairs budgeting, then shows how budget proposals are originated in the Executive branch and how they are affected by the complexities of congressional appropriation and authorization, and concludes with a look at "myths" about budgeting and suggestions for improving the system. Bacchus supports his analysis with case studies that link constitutional issues with the everyday governmental activity of matching limited resources to policy priorities. He reviews t only difficulties of coordination faced by the Executive branch but also Congress's bid for a greater voice in foreign policy, ranging from the Contra Aid hearings to the 1995 confrontations over
William I. Bacchus is currently Executive Director of the Quality Council of the U.S. Agency for International Development.