"The Private Melville is a delight to read. Wise, learned, witty, and thoughtful, it moves very smoothly even when it is covering tangled biographical and scholarly ground. In fact, it doesn't read like a scholarly book at all, even though it is based on an extremely close and detailed and almost loving reading of sources, interpretations, and archival alluvia."-Giles Gunn, University of California, Santa Barbara "The Private Melville is personal, even private (as the topic mandates), and idiosyncratic; it is opinionated and provocative. It contains trace of fashionable jargon: where are the Poetics of Privacy? Instead, it proceeds from manuscript evidence and from texts of literary works. Young addresses a broad audience that will be eager to follow the seemingly random, indirect probings of a fine intellect in intense pursuit of disparate phases of Melvillean experience."-Hershel Parker, University of Delaware The Private Melville demonstrates how great a role his profound sense of privacy played in Melville's life and work. Secrets he was careful never to reveal are unmasked by Philip Young. Privacy, as it appears to Melville here, is of three types.First are family matters the public had business kwing about, such as the life story of a secret half-sister; next the story of the life of a cousin, model for the heroine of his incestuous vel, Pierre; and then the history of the woman's forebears. The second type concerns four Berkshire Tales that depend heavily on "private jokes," and thus have secret meaning that escaped the editors who printed them and continue to evade critics and scholars. The third kind deals with two "fictions" so little understood that the meaning might as well be secret: a speech of Ahab's, which is called the "spiritual climax" of Moby Dick; and Melville's very last fiction, "Daniel Orme," a self-portrait in which he has gone pretty much unrecognized.
Philip Young was Evan Pugh Professor of American Literature Emeritus at the Pennsylvania State University and author and editor of many books, most notably Ernest Hemingway (1952) and Ernest Hemingway: A Reconsideration (Penn State, 1966).