European regional organisations have spent significant amount of time, energy and money in supporting Russia's transition towards the western liberal-democratic model since the end of the cold war. This book explores the role the Council of Europe, European Union and Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe have played in Russia's post-Soviet transition in the field of human rights and democracy. The book argues that the organisations have played an important initial role in setting the reform agenda and in providing a general framework for interaction in the field of human rights and democracy. However, since the mid-1990s the impact of regional organisations has been slipping. Lately Russia has challenged the European human rights and democracy rms and w it threatens the whole framework for regional rmative cooperation. Russia's attitude towards western liberal order has become more assertive and its defiance increasingly concerted even internationally. The main finding is that democracy and human rights promotion is t a one-way transference of rms like much of the theoretical literature and European practices presume. The Russian case demonstrates that the so-called target state can influence the rm promoters and the interpretation of the rms in a fundamental way. This is a finding that has significant implications both for theory and practice.
Sinikkuka Saari is a researcher at the Finnish Institute of International Affairs. She earned her PhD at the London School of Economics.